When one has too little insulin production in the body, diabetes mellitus can result. The pancreas produces the insulin hormone, and when there is a problem with the creation of the insulin or the body has a problem in the pancreas, diabetes often rears its head. The chronic condition has two different forms that it takes.
The Type 1 diabetes mellitus does not have any preventative measures that one can take. This condition causes a loss of insulin producing cells in the pancreas, and it is something that occurs often because of genetics. Those who have this type of diabetes are going to need to take insulin throughout their life. Some of the other terms for this disease include childhood diabetes and juvenile diabetes because it shows up at a young age.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus generally occurs in those who are middle aged, although it can sometimes occur when people are younger. Again, the body's pancreas is not producing enough insulin. Monitoring blood sugar levels and taking insulin is important to remain in decent health. However, the difference between Type 1 and Type 2 is that there is a way to prevent and in some instances reverse Type 2.
Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes can cause a number of different health problems, but many people do not even realize that they have the disease. One of the symptoms that some people have is nerve damage, which affects the sensation of the feet. They may have numbness in their feet and they will not be able to feel pain in those areas affected.
Diabetes mellitus is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, and it affects people in countries around the world. Men seem to be at a higher risk for the disease, particularly those who are older.
You may notice increased urination. The higher levels of sugar in the kidneys can cause this symptom. Because of the increased output of urine, you may also notice that you are excessively thirsty. Another symptom can be increased hunger. Because the insulin is not there to bring nourishment to the cells, your body tells you that you are hungry even when you shouldn’t be. Fatigue, depression, irritability, and even eye problems are also some symptoms of diabetes.
If you are feeling any or all of these symptoms, it is a good idea to make an appointment with a doctor so he or she can provide you with the proper diagnosis and ensure that you get the right treatment.
Treatment for Diabetes Mellitus
You need to make sure that you are able to control your blood sugar, and part of controlling the blood sugar stars with your diet. You need to be eating healthy, and you need to have a blood glucose monitor that checks your blood sugar levels and ensures that they are at the right level. Many people who are unable to produce insulin need to take injections so their body is able to process the food and digest properly. Make sure that you get plenty of exercise, and follow any treatment regimen that your doctor prescribes.